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Particle Board

What is Particle Board?


Particle board, also known as chipboard, is an engineered wood product manufactured via pressed wood chips, sawmill shavings, sawdust, and some sort of binding agent, such as synthetic resin. This mixture is then pressed until firm. The advantages of particle board over plywood is that particle board is much cheaper, much more stable and far easier to use.what is particle board?

Particle board is cheaper because it can be made with scraps and other items that would otherwise be discarded or recycled by a manufacturer. Particle board is denser and more uniformly packed than traditional wood and plywood. This makes particle board stronger, and although it is also lighter. In general, terms like "high density" refer to a particle board that has greater strength than a "low density" labeled option. The strength refers to the amount of resistance supplied by the board to screw fasteners or other bored items.

One of the disadvantages of particle board is that it is prone to moisture. Water damage affects particle board in that it can distort the shape and size of the wood and it may discolor the surface appearance. Paint or other chemical treatment can act as a sealant to mitigate the effects of water. However, for these reasons it is seldom advised to use particle board outdoors or other areas with a high likelihood of moisture, such as: bathrooms, kitchens, etc.

Particle board has influence on furniture design, as homeowners and builders in the United States began using particle board in kitchen furnishings in the 1950s. Many large companies of pre-fabricated or ready-to-build furniture use particle board to keep their costs down and make their merchandise available to a wide range of consumers. However, not wishing to gain a reputation for cheapness, most companies use a high-density particle board to give the consumer a sense of product with a similar heft to traditional wood.

One of the main safety hazards is that the fine dust in particle board may be released when it is sawed or drilled into in the home. This dust tends to be much finer than traditional wood sawdust, and proper ventilation and breathing masks are recommended when handling. Formaldehyde had previously been commonly used as a binding resin, but no longer is utilized, and is not a concern anymore.